Copyright Interactive Design Labs 2005 - 2017
Planning is a managerial process, the focus and output of which are implementation intentions (plans). The purpose of planning is the development of implementation intentions (plans) which are specifications of actions to take in resp0onse to the goal intentions (goals) developed as part of strategy formulation stage. Some examples of types of planning include:
Business planning involves the creation of business plans. A business plan is a formal statement of business goals, reasons they are attainable, and plans for reaching them.
The strategic planning process is about setting a direction for the organization, devising goals and objectives and identifying a range of strategies to pursue so that the organization might achieve its goals.
The Product planning process is focused both creating customer value and realizing the benefits of new products for the firm's investors and stakeholders.
The capital budgeting process is based financial market disciplines that encourage wise investment.
Modeling Planning Processes As Intentional Models
Planning as implementation intentions (plans) that specify where, when, and how goal intentions (goals) shou;d be implemented can be modeled as goal models. The plan goals model is a refinement and elaboration of the goals intentional' goal model within the context of the organization-as-system and its environments. The organization goal refinement method is based on a systematic technique of identifying human actors or social systems and exploring alternative responsibility assignments. The underlying principles are to refine goals until they are assignable to single logical actors defined by positions; and to assign a goal to a logical actor only if the aactor possesses the capability to realize that goal. Elaborating goals involve Operationalizing goals through connected links to organizational methods/actions performed by the appropriate actors assigned the responsibility for attainment of those goals. Goal refinement and elaboration decisions are critical and decisive in the planning process as alternative actor assignments define alternative system proposals. A prioritized implementation time schedule and budgets can be generated from the planning model.
Plan execution require the cooperation and collaboration of the human actors that comprise the organizational social network and employ technical systems and tools such as software systems in performing their respective responsibilities and obligations.
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